Institute for Youth Leaders

IYL Publications

Recent Publications

Edginton, C.R., Jalloh, A., Baptiste, T., Cook, M., Burton, S., Elomba, M., & Hassan, Y.A. (2018). The Youth Academy Café: Exploring youth voices. International Journal of Health, Physical Education, Sport and Dance (Accepted for publication).

Adebiyi E. M., Al-Hassan, Y.,  Hansbourgh, C., & Edginton, C. (2017). Values Attached to Educational Goals, Study Processes, and Educational Motivation. Journal of Education and Development1(1), 48.

Adebiyi E. M., (2017). Women’s Perception and Constraints for Outdoor Leisure Activities: a comparative report of African and Korean women. Journal of Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 4(10), pp. 254-263

Creighton-Smith, B. A.,  Cook, M. M., & Edginton, C. R. (2017). Leisure, ethics, and spirituality. Annals of Leisure Research, 1-17.

Edginton, C.R., Adebiy, M. E & Al-Hassan, Y. (2017)  Developing Cultural Competency: Perspectives for Recreation and Leisure Service Organizations. Hong Kong Recreation Review 29 p. 13-17

Ebede, S. S. (2017). Discourse techniques in African poetry:  A review of literature. International Journal of Research, 4(3), 976 – 985.

Ebede, S. S. (2017). Levels of engagement matter:  The roles of student organizations in developing students. International Journal of Research, 4(5), 139 – 149.

Shrestha,J. Creighton-Smith, B. A., Flack, T.  M., & J. Baptiste, T., (2017). Intersectionality between Happiness and Well-being: A Pilot Study Project in a Midwestern University. Illuminare: A Student Journal in Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Studies15(1).

Jn Baptiste, T., & Jalloh, A. (2016). Youth, leisure, and bullying: An analysis of bullying as a constraint to leisure participation. International Leisure Review, 5(1), 3-21.

 Fuller, K. (2015) Outcomes of global service-learning: A content analysis of student reflection essays in Camp Adventure Child and Youth Services. International Leisure Review 2, 111-132

Ruan, B., Edginton, C. R., Chin, M., & Mok, M. M. (2015). Engaged scholarship: Bok's undergraduate competency framework and the Camp Adventure TM Child and Youth Services programme. World Leisure Journal, 57(2), 131-151.

 Edginton, C.R., & Jn Baptiste, T. (2015). Youth, youth development, and youth work: Key concepts and perspectives. International Leisure Review. 4 (1) 103-124

 Jn Baptiste, T. & Jalloh, A. (2014) Youth well-being: An analysis of challenges and opportunities. International Leisure Review. 3 (2) 142-161

Ruan. B., Edginton C.R, Lankford, S. & Chin, M.K., (2014). One-child policy in China; implications and strategies for leisure programming. International Leisure Review. 3 (2) 248-293

Edginton, C. R. & Jalloh, A. (2014).  Leisure for children and youth – A global perspective. Hong Kong Recreation Review, 26, 3-12.

Guest Editorships

Edginton, C.R. (2014) Youth work and youth development. . International Leisure Review. 3 (2) 137-295

Selected Abstracts

Jn Baptiste, T., & Jalloh, A. (2016). Youth, leisure, and bullying: An analysis of bullying as a
constraint to leisure participation. International Leisure Review, 5(1), 3-21.


The issue of bullying represents a negative trend that has escalated over the years and impacts the wellbeing of youth. Not only are young people verbally, emotionally, and physically threatened and abused by bullies, especially in schools, such incidents of bullying are being associated with adverse effects such as suicide and antisocial behaviors. Additionally, this act of violence impedes on leisure participation among youth. As such, this article examines the impact of bullying on young people, with a specific focus on its impact on youth leisure participation, including its impact on their wellbeing. It aims to explore whether bullying serves as a constraint to leisure participation among youth. The threat of bullying poses a problem to youth wellbeing and limits their potential for participating in leisure and recreational activities on the playground or areas where bullies frequent; and youth often have limited adult supervision. This limitation in itself draws awareness to the need to explore bullying as a constraint to leisure participation largely because this act of abuse doesn’t only occur and impact youth within the school setting, but also, it permeates leisure and recreation programs as well as impacts youth within every circle of leisure.

Edginton, C.R., & Jn Baptiste, T. (2015). Youth, youth development, and youth work: Key concepts and perspectives. International Leisure Review. 4 (1) 103-124


Today's youth comprise of a significant percentage of the world's population and represent the future direction of society. Defining and understanding youth provide a forum for acknowledging the importance and role of youth in our current society. It also provides an opportunity for embracing youth perspectives and creating strategies for engaging youth in a productive manner. The question of defining youth has been interpreted from differing perspectives, depending on factors such as location, culture, and context. Despite the many definitions and terms for the identification of youth, challenges and concerns regarding youth remain global and connected. Youth habits globally lend insight into approaches and strategies for acknowledging and working with youth. Youth perspectives and experiences worldwide help create discussion points for focus and emphasis in youth work. Worldwide, youth are faced with a plethora of challenges which, if moved in the right direction and addressed through the appropriate medium, can be used as tools of innovation for addressing a youth-centered agenda. This paper explores the varying definitions of youth and the many economic, Social, political, and cultural contexts which inform those definitions. Additionally, the articles identify and acknowledge key elements and attributes that characterize youth development and impact on their effective navigation and interaction within society. It culminates with a view on perspectives and guidelines necessary in developing effective youth programs, along with a model which provides an ecological view of youth development.

Jn Baptiste, T. & Jalloh, A. (2014) Youth well-being: An analysis of challenges and opportunities. International Leisure Review. 3 (2) 142-161


The issue of youth well-being has garnered increasing attention from both the research and programmatic domain. Young people experience numerous social, cultural, and economic challenges that severely impact their health and well-being. This paper examines the challenges and opportunities that young people experience within the domain of wellbeing. Well-being can be thought of as the overall positive outcome, which is meaningful to the person and serves as an indicator used by society to examine one's perspective that their life is going well. Studies regarding issues affecting youth has largely emphasized the connection between health and well-being within the context of studying the quality of life or welfare of young people. As such, it is important to examine the well-being of youth as a factor, which should be a priority in the lives of young people now and a consideration for the future. Understanding youth well-being is of utmost priority in promoting social, cultural, economic, and public health endeavors aimed at improving the lives of youth. Some of the challenges youth experiences include unemployment, poor quality of education, bullying, sexually transmitted disease, physical inactivity, unsafe home environments, and poor access to leisure and cultural opportunities, just to name a few. These challenges may significantly impact the health and well-being for this segment of society. Despite these challenges, young people represent a positive opportunity for society as they are optimistic about their future. As such, there is a need for a shift in youth research toward viewing young people not as a problem, but rather as an opportunity.